The main difference between alignment and balancing is that alignment means adjusting the angles of wheels to make them perpendicular to the ground. While balancing means making the wheels capable of spinning without causing any vibrations.
Alignment refers to wheel alignment and stands for breaking or tracking, and part of the standard automobile maintenance that deals in adjusting the angles of the wheels to make them particular to the ground. The sole purpose of wheel alignment is to make the grip of tires parallel to road and ensure vehicle is running straight and smooth. Alignment also reduce the tire wear and tear. Default alignment set by automaker’s specifications can be altered as well to obtain a specific handling characteristic. Motorsport and off-road application may call for angles to be adjusted well beyond normal for many reasons.
Balancing refers to wheel balancing and means making wheels capable of spinning without causing any vibrations. It refers to the equal distribution of mass within automobile tire or the entire wheel, including the rim, to which it is attached. When a wheel rotates, asymmetries of mass may cause it to hop or wobble, which can cause ride disturbances, usually vertical and lateral vibrant. Tires are balanced in production houses and repair workshops by two methods; static balancers and dynamic balancers. Imbalance usually occurs for poor wheel balance, imperfect tire or wheel shape, brake pulsation, and many other reason.
- Wheel balancing is simple than wheel alignment. Wheel balancing is done on an automated mechanical machine while wheel alignment includes measuring and correcting angles of camber, caster and toe.
- Balancing adjust the only imbalance of tires or wheels while alignment make it sure that all wheels point are in the same direction.
- Non-align wheels create more problems as compare to imbalanced wheels. The vehicles that are badly aligned can result in brake shaft, fails to work to optimum levels, uneven braking, bad suspension of car, etc.
- Incorrectly balanced wheels can result in an uncomfortable drive due to vibration while incorrect alignment can put the passengers at unnecessary risk.