Urban and rural stands for two different places. These are entirely different from each other on the basis of working, earnings, services, and population, using geographical classifications. You have read many differences between urban and rural. But the main and short and difference between urban and rural is that urban is a place of living that is made and developed by man while rural is a place for living that is made by God, the creator.
In human settlements, urban stands for an area that is characterized by high human population and vast human built infrastructures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. City, towns, conurbations are examples of urban and this term is can’t be extended to villages and hamlets. At present, 3.9 billion people out of the population of 7.25 billion people, are living in urban areas. The world is gradually becoming more urban than rural. According to the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, “the urban population would grow to 6.4 billion by 2050, with 37% of that growth to come from three countries: China, India, and Nigeria.” By the process of urbanization, the urban areas are being developed further.
Rural has simple definition, an area that is located outside the towns and cities is called rural like villages and hamlets. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: “Rural is an area that encompassing all population, housing, and territory not included within an urban area. Whatever is not urban is considered rural.” Rural areas have a low population and small settlement as compare to urban areas. In fact, there areas are means of agriculture and cultivation. For statistical and administrative purposes, most of the countries have varying definitions for rural. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development of Canada defines rural region as the area having over 50% of population as compare to rural and has a population density below 150 people per square kilometer.
- Urban is a place of living that is made and developed by man while rural is a place for living that is made by God, the creator.
- Health, education, employment, and development facilities are thousands times better is urban as compare to rural.
- Rural life is full with peace. Unlike urban life, it is not surrounded with machines and artificial means for living.
- Inflation has vast impact on urban while in rural areas, people can live easily with low income.
- Industrial type occupation is the prime source of employment in urban areas while in rural areas, means of living is agriculture and cultivation.
- Size of community is very large is urban. Size of community is small in size in rural areas.
- Social interaction is low but strong in rural areas because of people living very far from each other. There is high social interaction in urban because of community centres and social circles.
- Standard of living in urban is high as compare to rural.