Medicine

Difference between Capsules and Tablets

Main Difference

Medicines are prescribed by the doctors to the patients for curing the diseases. Medicines or drugs are in the solid or liquid form. Solid form may be of capsule or tablet. Liquid forms of medicines are syrups. Tablets are a mixture of active & inactive ingredients and generally are punched, capsules are two parts of gelatin shells called the male & the female and generally are ‘filled’ and then fitted into one another. A tablet is a compressed powder solid form while the capsule is in powdered or jelly form which is enclosed in dissolvable plastic container. Tablets are usually like a powder that is pressed tightly together when manufactured. Capsules are usually made out of gelatin type substance that is then filled with the meds.  Capsules are quite easy to swallow as compared to tablets. Drug contained in the tablet don’t enter in the blood stream immediately as it is coated with sugar or similar compound while on the other hand the capsule enters into the blood stream immediately as it is swallowed. Most of the capsules are comparatively expensive when compared with tablets. Either capsule or tablet you are going to take, you must have to follow the doctor’s prescription.

Capsules

capsulesCapsule is in powdered or jelly form which is enclosed in dissolvable plastic container. Capsules are easy to swallow as they are tasteless. Capsules are of different types but almost having the same shape of almost cylindrical. Most of the capsules are comparatively expensive. Drugs in capsules enter into the blood stream immediately as it is swallowed. Shelf life of capsules is shorter. Capsules are protected by sensitive ingredients. Containers / coverings of capsules are much resistive to oxygen and thus have the ability to hold more mixes of sensitive drugs.

Tablets

tabletsA tablet is a compressed powder solid form. They are quite elegant and well accepted. Tablets do have different tastes and may be bitter or else. Tablets are comparatively less expensive. Tablets have different shapes and sizes i.e. oval, round or square. Drug contained in the tablet don’t enter in the blood stream immediately as it is coated with sugar or similar compound. Tablets can further be divided into two pieces as per doctor’s prescription. Shelf life of capsules is comparatively longer. Tablets have dissolution control for quick, delayed or extended release. Tablets have sensitive coating. They are bit difficult to be filled perfectly.

Key Differences

  • A tablet is a compressed powder solid form while the capsule is in powdered or jelly form which is enclosed in dis-solvable plastic container.
  • Tablets are usually like a powder that is pressed tightly together when manufactured. Capsules are usually made out of gelatin type substance that is then filled with the meds.
  • Tablets are a mixture of active & inactive ingredients and generally are punched, capsules are two parts of gelatin shells called the male & the female and generally are ‘filled’ and then fitted into one another.
  • Most of the Capsules are tasteless while tablets may have bitter taste.
  • Capsules are quite easy to swallow as compared to tablets.
  • Most of the capsules are comparatively expensive when compared with tablets.
  • Most of the capsules are of the same shape but tablets are in different shapes and sizes.
  • Tablets can further be divided into two pieces as per doctor’s prescription but capsules can’t be divided into pieces.
  • Shelf life of Tablets is comparatively more than capsules.
  • Tablets retain their potential for longer period as compared to capsules.
  • Drug contained in the tablet don’t enter in the blood stream immediately as it is coated with sugar or similar compound while on the other hand the drugs in capsules enters into the blood stream immediately as it is swallowed.
  • Capsules are in cylindrical form while tablets are flat, circular, square or oval.

Video Explanation

Leave a Comment