Education

Difference between Formative and Summative Assessment

Main Difference

Formative Assessment becomes a testing procedure that includes a broad range of formal and informal assessment techniques carried out by teachers during the teaching process for improving the student learning. Summative Assessment becomes a testing technique employed by different institutes where the student learning gets compared against a proper scoring benchmark of the standard of grades.

Comparison Chart

Basis of DistinctionFormative AssessmentSummative Assessment
DefinitionA testing procedure that includes a broad range of formal and informal assessment techniques carried out by teachers during the teaching process for improving the student learning.A testing technique employed by different institutes where the student learning gets compared against a proper scoring benchmark of the standard of grades.
BenefitHelps both the teachers and students to improve the way they learn and teach thingsGives the idea of progress at the end of an educational year and just to the student.
PurposeMonitors the progress of students.Evaluates the progress of students.
ExampleMidterms, sessional, final project and last year presentation.End of term exams, chapter tests, assessments and entry tests.

Formative Assessment

Formative Assessment becomes a testing procedure that includes a broad range of formal and informal assessment techniques carried out by teachers during the teaching process for improving the student learning. It has many things involved, but the most important ones include the quantitative methods such as feedback from the student and the professor instead of just marks and grades. Most common type of such formative assessment techniques includes feedback, goal, and frame of reference. It becomes developmental to the degree that confirmation about understudy accomplishment is evoked, translated, and utilized by instructors, learners, or their companions. To settle on choices about the following strides in the guideline that are probably going to be better, or better established than the choices they would have taken without the proof that was inspired. Developmental appraisal alludes to a wide assortment of strategies that instructors use to lead in-process assessments of understudy appreciation, adapting necessities, and scholarly advance amid a lesson, unit, or course. Developmental appraisals help instructors recognize ideas that understudies are attempting to comprehend, aptitudes they are experiencing issues procuring, or learning gauges they have not yet accomplished the goal that alterations can get made to lessons, instructional procedures, and academic support. At the point when fused into classroom rehearse, the developmental evaluation prepared gives data expected to change instructing and learning while they are yet occurring. The procedure fills in as practice for the understudy and a check for comprehension amid the learning method.

Summative Assessment

Summative Assessment becomes a testing technique employed by different institutes where the student learning gets compared against a proper scoring benchmark of the standard of grades. Such evaluating procedures are high stake where the student and the teacher do not interact much but have high stakes. The ranges stay same throughout the semester and may change every year. The most common type of summative assessment includes exams such as midterms, sessional, final project and last year. The objective of summative appraisal is to assess understudy learning toward the finish of an instructional unit by looking at it against some standard or benchmark. Take note of, ‘the end’ does not mean the finish of a whole course or module of study. Summative evaluations might be conveyed all through a course, after a specific unit have gotten instructed, and there are focal points for doing as such. Summative appraisals are complete assessments used to gauge understudy development after guideline and are for the most part given the finish of a course keeping in mind the end goal to decide if long haul learning objectives have completed. Summative appraisals dislike developmental evaluations, which are intended to give the prompt, express criticism valuable for helping instructor and understudy amid the learning procedure. Summative evaluation can be utilized to allude to the appraisal of instructive personnel by their individual teacher, with the question of measuring all educators on similar criteria to decide the level of their execution. In this setting, a summative appraisal is intended to address the school or region’s issues for instructor responsibility.

Key Differences

  • Formative Assessment becomes a testing procedure that includes a broad range of formal and informal assessment techniques carried out by teachers during the teaching process for improving the student learning. Summative Assessment becomes a testing method employed by different institutes where the student learning gets compared against a proper scoring benchmark of the standard of grades.
  • Formative assessment helps both the teachers and students to improve the way they learn and teach things and therefore keeps progressing. On the other hand, summative assessment only gives the idea of achievement at the end of an educational year and just to the student.
  • Primary examples of formative assessment include exams such as midterms, sessional, final project and last year. On the other hand, the original examples of summative assessment include the end of term exams, chapter tests, assessments and entry tests.
  • Formative helps to monitor student’s learning on the other hand summative assessment does not perform such as task and only focuses on evaluating the student’s learning.
  • The weight of formative assessments throughout the educational year stays relatively small and just for students to interact more with the higher authorities. On the other hand, the weight of summative assessment remains relatively large and includes the most modules and grades.

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