Both jam and jelly are made of fruits by different methods. The main difference between jam and jelly is that jam is made from crushed fruit while jelly is made from the juice of fruit.
Jam refers to a fruit made food that contains both the juice and flesh of a fruit or vegetable, although some cookbooks define it as a cooked and jelled puree. It generally refers to a product that is made of whole fruit cut into pieces or crushed then heated with water and sugar to activate its pectin before being put into containers. “Jams are usually made from pulp and juice of one fruit, rather than a combination of several fruits. Berries and other small fruits are most frequently used, though larger fruits such as apricots, peaches, or plumps cut into small pieces or crushed are also used for jams. Good jam has soft even consistency without distinct pieces of fruit, a bright color, a good fruit flavor and a semi-jellied texture that is easy to spread but has no free liquid.”
Jelly refers to clear fruit spread made from sweetened fruit or vegetable juice and is made by naturally occurring pectin, whereas in some areas of North America it refers to a gelatin-based dessert. It can be made from sweet, savory or hot ingredients. The process of making jelly and jam is almost same with one additional step of filtering out the fruit pulp after the initial heating. A stockinette “jelly bag” is traditionally used as a filter, suspended by string over a bowl to allow the straining to occur gently under gravity. It comes in various flavors such as: grape jelly, strawberry jelly, hot chile pepper, and many others and is eaten with a variety of foods.
- First difference is on their making process. Jam is made from crushed fruits while jelly is made from the juice of fruit.
- Jelly is thicker as compare to jam.
- Most of the jellies contains pectin while jam may not contain pectin.
- Jam is a gelled syrup that cannot hold itself in its place while jelly is a clear and sparkling and holds itself in its place.