Biology Science

Difference between Self Pollination and Cross Pollination

Main Difference

Self Pollination gets defined as the process where the process of pollination takes place between the pollen of the same flower or plant or that of the same species. But, Cross Pollination gets defined as the process where the process of pollination takes place between the pollen of the different flower or plant or that of the new species.

Comparison Chart

Basis of DistinctionSelf PollinationCross Pollination
DefinitionThe process where the process of pollination takes place between the pollen of the same flower or plant or that of the same species.The process where the process of pollination takes place between the pollen of the different flower or plant or that of the new species.
Species of Occurrence Plums, pears, raspberries, blackberries, strawberries, runner beans, pumpkins, daffodils, tulips, lavender, and others.Orchids, peas, and sunflowers, wheat, barley, oats, rice, tomatoes, potatoes, apricots, and peaches.
ProcessThe transfer of pollen from one part to the other usually takes place through wind, insects, water, animals.The process usually happens when pollen falls directly on the stigma.
Nature Species have consistent characteristics.Species have distinct characteristics.

Self Pollination

Self Pollination gets defined as the process where the process of pollination takes place between the pollen of the same flower or plant or that of the same species. Few plants self-fertilize without the guide of dust vectors. The component is frequently seen in a few vegetables, for example, peanuts. In another vegetable, soybeans, the blooms open and stay responsive to creepy crawly cross-fertilization amid the day. If this is not an expert, the blooms self-fertilize as they are shutting. Among different plants that can self-fertilize are numerous sorts of orchids, peas, sunflowers and tridax. Much of the self-pollinating plants have little, generally subtle blossoms that shed dust precisely onto the shame, at times even before the bud opens. A few plants have systems that guarantee autogamy, for example, blooms that don’t open, or stamens that move to encounter the shame. The term selling that gets frequently utilized as a similar word is not restricted to self-fertilization, but rather likewise applies to different sorts of self-preparations. This would resemble a yorkie canine and a rottweiler puppy creating posterity. Odd, yet conceivable, because they are of similar species. There are two sorts of self-fertilization: In autogamy, dust gets exchanged to the disgrace of the same blossom. In geitonogamy, sand is transferred from the anther of one bloom to the stigma of another flower on a similar blossoming plant, or from microsporangium to ovule inside a single Gymnosperm.

Cross Pollination

Cross Pollination gets defined as the process where the process of pollination takes place between the pollen of the different flower or plant or that of the new species. Cross-fertilization is the point at which one plant pollinates a plant of another assortment. The two plants’ genetic material joins, and the subsequent seeds from that fertilization will have qualities of both varieties and is another assortment. The exchange of dust from the bloom of one plant to the blossom of a plant having another hereditary constitution. Numerous cultivators are worried about the possibility that the plants in their vegetable garden will inadvertently cross-fertilize and that they will wind up with the natural product on the plant that is sub-standard. There are two misguided judgments here that should be tended. To begin with, cross-fertilization can just happen between assortments, not species. In this way, for instance, a cucumber can’t cross-fertilize with squash. They are not similar species. This part would resemble a pooch and a feline having the capacity to make posterity together. It is just impractical. Be that as it may, cross fertilization can occur between a zucchini and a pumpkin. Second, the natural product from a plant that is cross pollinated would not influence. Ordinarily, you’ll hear somebody express that they know their squash cross-pollinated for this present year because the natural squash product looks odd. Cross-fertilization does not influence this current years’ natural product, but rather will alter the result of any seeds planted from that organic product.

Key Differences

  • Self Pollination gets defined as the process where the process of pollination takes place between the pollen of the same flower or plant or that of the same species. But, Cross Pollination gets defined as the process where the process of pollination takes place between the pollen of the different flower or plant or that of the new species.
  • The process of cross pollination usually occurs between species such as Apples, grapes, plums, pears, raspberries, blackberries, strawberries, runner beans, pumpkins, daffodils, tulips, lavender, and others. On the other hand, the process of self pollination takes place among items such as peanuts, orchids, peas, and sunflowers, wheat, barley, oats, rice, tomatoes, potatoes, apricots, and peaches.
  • The transfer of pollen from one part to the other usually takes place through Wind, insects, water, animals and contact when it comes to cross pollination. On the other hand, the transfer of pollen from one part to the other usually happens when pollen falls directly on the stigma.
  • The species that originate from self pollination have fundamental nature and therefore have the same characteristics and even look the same. On the other hand, the species that come from the cross pollination process mostly have more variety in them and have a diverse nature from looks to characteristics.

Video Explanation

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