Biology Education

Difference between Sperm and Semen

Main Difference

Sperm and semen are mistakenly used interchangeably, nevertheless they are not the equivalent substance. Sperm cells are actually a part of the semen, which is the whitish, viscous fluid launched from the penis, in accordance with Medline Plus. Sperm leaves the physique by means of the mix of bodily fluids that make-up semen. This fluid contains fructose and proteolytic enzymes that facilitate the mobility of sperm outside the male reproductive tract.


spermSperm is the motile microscopic male reproductive cell which is transmitted into the female reproductive system by means of a technique of sexual exercise.


semenSemen refers again to the seminal fluid which may be a whitish and viscous liquid launched from the penis. The semen contains the sperm cells and totally different seminal plasma liquids which assure viability of the fluid. Every ejaculation contains 2 to 5% amount of semen containing fluids that immerse the sperm cells, sustaining them guaranteeing motility till fetus formation.

 Key Differences

  • Sperm is the microscopic male reproductive cell whereas semen refers again to the seminal fluid that contains 1000’s and 1000’s of sperms.
  • Sperm is the genetic bearer and is haploid, whereas semen has no such attribute other than nourishing the sperm cells and preserving them motile.
  • Sperm comes from the Greek phrase “sperma” which means “seed” whereas semen comes from the premise Latin phrase “serere” which means “to plant”.
  • Sperm cells are microscopic and not seen to the normal eye nevertheless semen is a viscous liquid merely seen.
  • Sperm cells, produced by the testes in individuals, characterize 2–5% of semen amount
  • The main between sperm and semen is that sperm are the exact intercourse cells, whereas semen is the fluid by which the sperm are located. Both of these are very important for the worthwhile duplicate of human beings.
  • Sperm is a microscopic organism they resemble tadpoles, they’ve a head & tail. Millions of them reside throughout the male ejaculate fluid generally called semen, the sperm swims in fluid with a view to achieve the egg of the female for fertilization. Semen is usually white in coloration, & is very sticky. It is the fluid launched by the male after he is over stimulated primarily all through intercourse; the 1000’s and 1000’s of sperm reside on this fluid.
  • Semen has extreme dietary content material materials to feed the sperm. Semen is the secretion which contains the sperm.Semen may not comprise the sperm in males who’ve sicknesses. If the sperm is simply not in good prime quality or quantity, the male cannot produce a toddler. (infertile/ sub fertile)

Video Explanation


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